Freddy Pattiselanno (Animal Science Laboratory Universitas Negeri Papua – UNIPA, Manokwari)
Farming along the coast
The West Papua Province of Indonesia is included in the top five provinces with high population growth rate in Indonesia. Between 2000 and 2010, the growth rate in West Papua was 3.71%. In general the highlands have become the most densely populated by people more focused on established villages and agriculture. In the lowlands, people have been more able to live by fishing and hunting and the staple of sago ever present in the vast wetland swamps.
A report of the Ministry of Finance (2012) indicated that agriculture contributed significantly on the Gross Regional Domestic Product of West Papua at 21%. This expresses by the engagement of almost households in the rural areas in farming as the major source of income.
Located at the north coast of the Bird’s Head Peninsula (BHP) in West Papua, Indonesia, Amberbaken district (Fig. 1.), contributes on approximately 25% of agricultural products for the Tambrauw regency. Amberbaken has seven villages: Arupi, Wekari, Saukorem, Wasarak, Wefiani, Samfarmun and Imbuan. All households engage in farming with an average crop lands varies in size (in average ± 500m2). The most common farming products consumed and sold is coffee, cocoa, cassava, banana, spices and other crops such tuber, coconut, peanut and vegetables.