Freddy Pattiselanno (Animal Science Department, Universitas Papua, Manokwari)
According to the data from FAO (2000), approximately 1 billion people depend on fish as their primary source of animal protein. Indonesia’s 17,508 islands have a range of marine and coastal ecosystems that have been intensively commercial and subsistence utilized for various purposes. Exploitation of the coastal zone has an impact on habitat destruction and over-exploitation that continue to be the major problems facing marine resource in Indonesia.
These factors emphasize the urgent need to implement Marine Protected Area (MPA) management plans as part of an overall program to manage Indonesia’s marine resources. The program began in 1982 as part of the marine conservation effort that expected contributes to the sustainability of the nation’s marine resources.