Agustina A.Y.S Arobaya (Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry UNIPA) & Freddy Pattiselanno (Faculty of Animal Science, Fishery and Marine Science UNIPA)
Study on biological and other natural resources was conducted in Mamberamo from 4 – 28 September 2004. Three sites were visited: Dabra (03016’S 138036’E), Taiyeve (03014.06’S 138026.62’E) and Fokri-Baso (03005.08’S 138050.12’E) villages of the Mamberamo Hulu District of Kabupaten Sarmi, Papua to provide baseline information on development of this area.
The present paper aims to inform the results of our observation on ethnobotany aspects of the Dasigo ethnic group at the Mamberamo, Papua. Information on ethnobotany aspect concerning the relationship between people and forest was obtained by the semi-structured interview by interviewing primary informants – villagers (chosen randomized among local people in the study site) and the key informants including highly respected and high status people within the villages, village leaders, tribe leaders, church leaders, highly educated people and the government officers.
Direct observation to the plantation area around the study site to observe particular species growth and used by local people was also conducted to cross check the interview results. Supporting data was tracked trough secondary data by review of supplemented literature from previous study. Herbaria specimen was collected to identify anonymous plant species observed in the field. Identification was done in the Manokwariense Herbarium to complete checklist specimen found during the survey in Mamberamo. Results of this study are presented in Table 1.
Table 1. List of useful plants for Dasigo Tribe in Mamberamo
|Acanthaceae||Abelmochus manihot (L) Medik.||Vegetable|
|Acanthaceae||Gendarusa vulgaris Ness||Ornamental|
|Anacardiceae||Dracontomellon edule||Construction material|
|Arecaceae||Arenga sp.||Rope for binding fence|
|Arecaceae||Areca catechu Linn||Edible fruit|
|Arecaceae||Calamus sp.||String for fasten trap|
|Arecaceae||Colocasia esculenta (L) Schott.||Edible fruit|
|Arecaceae||Metroxylon sago Rottb.||Traditional food|
|Arecaceae||Cocos nucifera L.||Edible fruit, dry branch for fuel wood|
|Arecaceae||Caladium bicolor (W.Ait) Vent.||Ornamental|
|Arecaceae||Xanthosoma sagittifolium Schott.||Edible fruit|
|Brommeliaceae||Ananas comoscus (L). Merr.||Edible fruit|
|Burseraceae||Canarium acutifolium (DC). Merrr||Edible fruit|
|Caricaceae||Carica papaya L.||Vegetable, edible fruit|
|Combretaceae||Terminalia complanata||Construction material|
|Datiscaceae||Octomeles sumtrana||Construction material|
|Euphorbiaceae||Antidesma montanum Bl.||Garden fence, fuel wood|
|Euphorbiaceae||Macaranga mappa M.A.||Leaves for wrapping, fire wood|
|Euphorbiaceae||Jatropha curcas L.||Ornamental|
|Euphorbiaceae||Codiaeum variagetum (L.) Bl.||Ornamental|
|Fabaceae||Intsia bijuga||Construction material|
|Fabaceae||Pterocarpus indicus||Construction material|
|Gnetaceae||Gnetum gnemon L.||Vegetable|
|Lauraceae||Cinnamomum culilavan Bl.||Oil extract from bark|
|Lauraceae||Cryptoria massoy (Oken.) Kosterm.|
|Maranthaceae||Phacelophyrnium maximum (BI.) K. Schum||Roof construction|
|Meliaceae||Aglaia sapindina (F.&M.) Harms||Fuel wood|
|Moraceae||Artocarpus communis Forst.||Vegetable food|
|Moraceae||Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr||Fruit|
|Moracea||Ficus sp.||Fuel wood|
|Moraceae||Paratocarpus venosis Becc.||Kitchen utensils|
|Myrtaceae||Psydium guajava L.||Fruit|
|Nyctaginaceae||Bougainvillea spectabilis Wild.||Ornamental|
|Piperaceae||Piper betle L.||Chewing plants|
|Poaceae||Zea mays L.||Food|
|Podocarpaceae||Podocarpus blumei||Construction material|
|Rubiaceae||Coffea robusta Linden||Beverage|
|Rubiaceae||Gardenia jasminoides Ellis||Ornamental|
|Rubiaceae||Morinda citrifolia L.||Fruit, medicinal|
|Rutaceae||Citrus nobilis Lour.||Fruit|
|Sapindaceae||Pometia pinnata J.R. & G. Frost||Fruit|
|Sterculiaceae||Sterculia sp.||Garden fence, fuel wood|
|Sterculiaceae||Theobroma cacao L.||Fruit, beverage|
|Verbanaceae||Duranta erecta L.||Ornamental|
|Zingiberaceae||Alpinia galangal (L.) Swartz||Spice, Medicinal|
|Zingeberaceae||Curcuma domestica Sw.||Food, spice|
|Zingiberaceae||Zingiber officinalis Rosc.||Spice, medicinal|
Nine species have been identified as construction material (house and fence), whereas two among those species have also been utilized as fuel wood. Particular species were commonly utilized for building material distributed fairly among the Papua region acknowledged as high quality wood (Octomeles sumatrana, Terminalia complanata, Podocarpus blumei and Intsia bijuga). Certain part of species that mostly used for construction (branch and small stem) can also be used for fuel wood. In this study we only noted four species that have been using for fuel wood. Fruit and leaves of two among four species recognized earlier, were also used for other purposes (food and wrapping materials).
Nineteen species have been consumed as edible fruit, vegetable and traditional food as well by the tribe. Some species were commonly used in Indonesia such as banana, cacao, citrus, pineapple, papaya and coconut, while others were locally consumed and utilized by certain ethnic group occupied the eastern part of Indonesia. For example, Colocasia, Xanthosoma, sago, canary, beetle nut and piper.
We recorded only three species used together as therapeutic items, spice and edible fruit as well. Using plant for ornamental purpose was playing an important role among ethnic groups in Papua, because local people was dependently on local tradition and culture that require natural resources (plant and animals) for the traditional ritual and cultural ceremonies. During the survey, seven species have been identified using by the Dasigo as ornament materials.
In this survey, we also recognized three species using for spice and one species for beverage that widely used among other Indonesian ethnic groups. Other five species classified under other purposes usually use as rope, string, oil, utensils and chewing plants. Pinang (Piper betle L.) not only used by Dasigo, but also utilized by other ethnic groups in Papua as well.
Naskah lengkap dipublikasi di Jurnal Baccariana 9 (1); 1-4, 2007
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