Indigenous pig management in West Papua


Freddy Pattiselanno, Sangle Y. Randa, Deny A. Iyai & Alnita Baaka

Animal Science Department Universitas Negeri Papua Manokwari 98314 West Papua, Indonesia

Why farms with pigs?

Farmers acknowledge the value that livestock in general and pigs in particular offer. They require relatively low labor inputs, feed on and recycle tree leaves, grass and crop residues and (household) waste products, provide fertilizer for home gardens and act as a capital investment that can be used in emergencies. Pigs are particularly valuable because they are very fertile, give families social status and play an important role in cultural and traditional rituals. They are frequently offered as “bride price” and valued as a barter object. Pigs also play an important role in the communities’ farming system (Pattiselanno, 2004b).

Extensive style of pig management in the upland

Most households let the pigs range freely around the house and garden and some allow the animals to stay in the house, particularly near the cooking area. Pregnant sows receive priority attention; they are often kept in the house and given good quality food (Pattiselanno, 2004a). Sometimes pigs are kept in small pens near the house, built from wood or bamboo. They are fed with cooked and uncooked kitchen and household leftovers such as rice and vegetables, or they are given sweet potato, cassava or other tuber crops (Randa, 1994). Women and children are usually responsible for feeding pigs.

Intensive management style around the coastal

In contrast to the highland farmers, farming groups along the coast apply a more intensive management style. For their entire lives, pigs are kept inside small pens suspended above the water, and as a consequences the diet, water and other production needs of the animals must be provided by the farmers.

Concluding remarks

From different management approach practiced by local farmers in different sites, we have noted that advantages have been benefited not only farmers and animals, but also recognized as agro-ecological bases of attitude that presented the environmental friendly of integrated farming through the utilization of specific local of the natural resources.

Notes:

Full article has been published in Suiform Sounding Vol. 11 (1) December 2011, it can now be accessed online at the following link: http://data.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/pphsg/Suiform%20soundings/Newsletter.htm

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